The Writings of Henry D. Thoreau Dunshee Ambrotype of Thoreau, 1861 (Courtesy Concord Museum)
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"Double row of Arbor Vitae, near Battle Ground, May 18, 1902" (Courtesy Concord Free Public Library)
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Life and Times of Henry David Thoreau
Reflections on Walden
Further Reading

Environmentalism and Ecocriticism

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Karla Armbruster and Kathleen R. Wallace, eds., Beyond Nature Writing: Expanding the Boundaries of Ecocriticism (Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 2001).

Daniel Botkin, Discordant Harmonies: A New Ecology of the Twenty-First Century (New York: Oxford University Press, 1990).

_______________, No Man's Garden: Thoreau and a New Vision for Civilization and Nature (Washington, DC: Island Press/Shearwater Books, 2001).

Anna Bramwell, Ecology in the 20th Century: A History (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1989).

_______________, The Fading of the Greens: The Decline of Environmental Politics in the West (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1994).

Paul Brooks, Speaking for Nature: How Literary Naturalists from Henry Thoreau to Rachel Carson Have Shaped America (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1980).

David Brower, Let the Mountains Talk, Let the Rivers Run: A Call to Those Who Would Save the Earth (San Francisco: HarperCollins West, 1995).

Lawrence Buell, The Environmental Imagination: Thoreau, Nature Writing, and the Formation of American Culture (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1995).

Rachel Carson, Silent Spring (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1962).

J. Baird Callicott, Earth's Insights: A Survey of Ecological Ethics from the Mediterranean Basin to the Australian Outback (Berkeley: University of California, 1994).

_______________, In Defense of the Land Ethic: Essays in Environmental Philosophy (Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1989).

Alston Chase, In a Dark Wood: The Fight over Forests and the Rising Tyranny of Ecology (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1995).

_______________, Playing God in Yellowstone: The Destruction of America's First National Park (Boston: Atlantic Monthly Press, 1986).

Barry Commoner, The Closing Circle: Nature, Man and Technology (New York: Knopf, Inc., 1971).

John Cooley, Earthly Words: Essays on Contemporary American Nature and Environmental Writers (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1994).

William Cronon, Uncommon Ground: Toward Reinventing Nature (New York: W. W. Norton, 1995).

J. E. de Steiguer, Age of Environmentalism (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1997).

Joseph R. Des Jardins, Environmental Ethics: An Introduction to Environmental Philosophy (Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing, 1993).

Bill Devall and George Sessions, Deep Ecology: Living As If Nature Mattered (Salt Lake City, UT: Peregrine Smith Books, 1985).

Robert L. Dorman, A Word for Nature: Four Pioneering Environmental Advocates, 1845-1913 (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1998).

Mark Dowie, Losing Ground: American Environmentalism at the Close of the Twentieth Century (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1995).

Paul R. Ehrlich, The Population Bomb (New York: Ballantine Books, 1968).

John Elder, Imagining the Earth: Poetry and the Vision of Nature (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1985).

Barry C. Field, Environmental Economics: An Introduction (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1994).

Dave Forman, Confessions of an Eco-Warrior (New York: Harmony Books, 1991).

Stephen R. Fox, John Muir and His Legacy: The American Conservation Movement (Boston: Little, Brown, 1981).

Philip L. Fradkin, Wanderings of an Environmental Journalist in Alaska and the American West (Albuquerque, NM: University of New Mexico Press, 1993).

Peter A. Fritzell, Nature Writing and America: Essays upon a Cultural Type (Ames: Iowa State University Press, 1990).

Michael Frome, Battle for Wilderness (New York: Praeger, 1974).

_______________, Chronicling the West: Thirty Years of Environmental Writing (Seattle, WA: The Mountaineers, 1996).

Al Gore, Earth in Balance: Ecology and the Human Spirit (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1992).

Roger S. Gottlieb, This Sacred Earth: Religion, Nature, Environment (New York: Routledge, 1996).

Garrett Hardin, "The Tragedy of the Commons," Science. 162: 1243-1248.

Tom Hayden, The Lost Gospel of the Earth: A Call for Renewing Nature, Spirit and Politics (San Francisco: Sierra Club Books, 1996).

Samuel P. Hays, Beauty, Health, and Permanence: Environmental Politics in the U.S., 1955-1985 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987).

David Helvarg, The War against the Greens: The "Wise-Use" Movement, the New Right, and Anti-environmental Violence (San Francisco: Sierra Club Books, 1994).

Richard Kerridge and Neil Sammells, eds., Writing the Environment: Ecocriticism and Literature (New York: St. Martin's Press, 1998).

Karl Kroeber, Ecological Literary Criticism: Romantic Imagining and the Biology of the Mind (New York: Columbia University Press, 1994).

Robert Kuhn McGregor, A Wider View of the Universe: Henry Thoreau's Study of Nature (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1997).

Diana Muir, Reflections in Bullough's Pond: Economy and Ecosystem in New England (Hanover, NH: University Press of New England, 2000).

Roderick Nash, The American Environment: Readings in the History of Conservation (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1967).

_______________, The Rights of Nature: A History of Environmental Ethics (Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press, 1989).

_______________, Wilderness and the American Mind (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1967).

Vera Norwood, Made from This Earth: American Women and Nature (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1993).

Max Oelschlaeger, The Idea of Wilderness: From Prehistory to the Age of Ecology (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1991).

John P. O'Grady, Pilgrims to the Wild: Everett Ruess, Henry David Thoreau, John Muir, Clarence King, Mary Austin (Salt Lake City, UT: University of Utah Press, 1993).

David W. Orr, Earth in Mind: On Education, Environment, and the Human Prospect (Washington, DC: Island Press, 1994).

_______________, Ecological Literacy: Education and the Transition to a Postmodern World (Albany, NY: State University of New York, 1992).

Daniel G. Payne, Voices in the Wilderness: American Nature Writing and Environmental Politics (Hanover, NH: University Press of New England, 1996).

Joel Reichart and Patricia H. Werhane, eds., Environmental Challenges to Business (Ruffin Series No. 2. Society for Business Ethics, 2000).

Marc Reisner, Cadillac Desert: The American West and Its Disappearing Water (New York: Viking, 1986).

Steven Rosendale, ed., The Greening of Literary Scholarship: Literature, Theory, and the Environment (Iowa City: University of Iowa Press, 2002).

Andrew Rowell, Green Backlash: Global Subversion of the Environment Movement (London: Routledge, 1996).

Al Runte, National Parks: The American Experiences (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1979).

Kirkpatrick Sale, The Green Revolution: The Environmental Movement, 1962-1992 (New York: Hill and Wang, 1993).

Richard J. Schneider, ed., Thoreau's Sense of Place: Essays in American Environmental Writing (Iowa City: University of Iowa Press, 2000).

James Schwab, Deeper Shades of Green: The Rise of Blue-Collar and Minority Environmentalism in America (San Francisco: Sierra Club Books, 1994).

Don Scheese, Nature Writing: The Pastoral Impulse in America (New York: Twayne Publishers, 1996).

Scott Slovic, Seeking Awareness in American Nature Writing: Henry Thoreau, Annie Dillard, Edward Abbey, Wendell Berry, Barry Lopez (Salt Lake City, UT: University of Utah Press, 1992).

Rebecca Solnit, Savage Dreams: A Journey into the Hidden Wars of the American West (San Francisco: Sierra Club Books, 1994).

Frank Stewart, A Natural History of Nature Writing (Washington, DC: Island Press/Shearwater Books, 1995).

Douglas Hillman Strong, Dreamers & Defenders (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1988).

John Tallmadge and Henry Harrington, eds., Reading under the Sign of Nature: New Essays in Ecocriticism (Salt Lake City, UT: University of Utah Press, 2000).

Bob Pepperman Taylor, Our Limits Transgressed: Environmental Political Thought in America (Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas, 1992).

Paul W. Taylor, Respect for Nature: A Theory of Environmental Ethics (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1986).

Mitchell Thomashow, Ecological Identity: Becoming a Reflective Environmentalist (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1995).

Michael Tobias, A Vision of Nature: Traces of the Original World (Kent, OH: Kent State University Press, 1995).

William Tucker, Progress and Privilege: America in the Age of Environmentalism (Garden City, NY: Anchor Press/Doubleday, 1982).

Stewart Udall, The Quiet Crisis (New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1963).

______________, The Quiet Crisis and the Next Generation (Salt Lake City: Peregrine Smith Books, 1988).

Jim Dale Vickery, Wilderness Visionaries (Minocqua, WI: NorthWord Press, 1994).

Derek Wall, Green History: A Reader in Environmental Literature, Philosophy and Politics (London: Routledge, 1994).

Louise H. Westling, The Green Breast of the New World: Landscape, Gender, and American Fiction (Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press, 1996).

Donald Worster, Nature's Economy: A History of Ecological Ideas (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1985).

_______________, Nature's Economy: The Roots of Ecology (San Francisco: Sierra Club Books, 1977).

Howard Zahniser, Where Wilderness Preservation Began: Adirondack Writings of Howard Zahniser, edited with an introduction by Ed Zahniser and commentary by George D. Davis, Paul Schaefer, Douglas W. Scott (Utica, NY: North Country Books, 1992).

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